James Hutton

James Hutton FRSE (3 June 1726 – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist. He originated the theory of uniformitarianism—a fundamental principle of geology—that explains the features of the Earth’s crust by means of natural processes over geologic time. Hutton’s work established geology as a science, and as…

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Robert The Bruce

Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, and eventually led Scotland during the First War of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his…

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Adam Smith

Adam Smith FRSA (16 June 1723 – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era. Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and An Inquiry into…

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Eliza Wigham

ARTICLE SOURCE: >> en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliza_Wigham Elizabeth (Eliza) Wigham (23 February 1820 – 3 November 1899) was a leading suffragist and abolitionist in 19th-century Edinburgh, Scotland. She was involved in several major campaigns to improve women’s rights in 19th-century Britain, and has been noted as one of the leading citizens of Edinburgh. Her stepmother, Jane Smeal, was…

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James Watt

ARTICLE SOURCE: >> en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Watt James Watt FRS FRSE (30 January 1736 – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen’s 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great…

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Thomas Telford

ARTICLE SOURCE: >> en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Telford Thomas Telford FRS, FRSE (9 August 1757 – 2 September 1834) was a Scottish civil engineer, architect and stonemason, and a noted road, bridge and canal builder. After establishing himself as an engineer of road and canal projects in Shropshire, he designed numerous infrastructure projects in his native Scotland, as well…

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David Hume

ARTICLE SOURCE: >> en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Hume David Hume (7 May 1711 – 25 August 1776) (born David Home) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of radical philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. Hume’s empiricist approach to philosophy places him with John Locke, George Berkeley, Francis Bacon,…

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John Logie Baird

ARTICLE SOURCE: >> en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Logie_Baird John Logie Baird FRSE 14 August 1888 – 14 June 1946) was a Scottish engineer, innovator, one of the inventors of the mechanical television, demonstrating the first working television system on 26 January 1926, and inventor of both the first publicly demonstrated colour television system, and the first purely electronic colour…

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Alexander Fleming

ARTICLE SOURCE & MORE INFO AT: >> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Fleming Sir Alexander Fleming FRS FRSE FRCS (6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955) was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist and botanist. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the world’s first antibiotic substance benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which…

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